What Components Are Present In Solar Installation?


solar installation

The solar panel is the most helpful thing these days to curb the shortage of electricity. Further, it also reduces carbon pollution in the environment. It is a clean source of energy. And it eliminates the dependency on the regular electricity supply. However, the solar installation process is quite expensive. But it is a one-time cost that you will incur. 

Here are some components that are involved in the process of installation.

Solar Panel

The solar panel is the backbone of the solar system. Also, there are two types of panels such as monocrystalline and polycrystalline. The only difference is that the monocrystalline is more expensive than the polycrystalline. 

However, before buying the panel, you must keep things like warranty, cost, efficiency, and space. Also, it would help if you considered the weather conditions too.

Charge Controller

A charge controller is a device used to regulate the current and voltage from the solar panels. Also, the primary purpose of this device is to ensure that there is no overcharging of the batteries. 

Multiple types of charger controllers are available in the market, such as:

  • Simple-1 and 2 stage charge controller- used to control the voltage in a single or two stages. Further, you can use it to disconnect the solar panel from the battery in times of overcharge situations.
  • PWM (pulse width modulation)- 3 stage charge controllers- it involves pulse with modulation and helps cut off the battery circuit from the connected source in times of overcharging.
  • MPPT (maximum power point tracking) controllers can be used to regulate and optimize the high DC voltage levels. However, it is a bit expensive but the most reliable one.

Battery

Now, of course, you need a battery to run the solar panel. Also, different types of batteries are used in solar panels—some for storage and others for backup running during the night. 

Further, the battery is directly connected to the charge controllers. However, one can charge the batteries through an AC supply power grid using an inverter during rainy or cloudy days.

Inverter/UPS

Now an inverter is a device that converts the DC supply into the AC supply. Further, you can even use an inverter or UPS to convert AC supply to DC supply. You can get several types of inverters in the market, such as:

  • Centralized or string inverter- now it costs less than the other inverters, but it is not efficient much.
  • Power optimizer- you can use this to convert DC to AC. Further, it is also connected to the central inverter.
  • Microinverter- now it is a costlier inverter, but it works in low sunshine.

The Verdict

As per me, monocrystalline solar panels are a better option than polycrystalline solar panels. Further, your decision must depend on other factors too, like the region and environment, load requirements, sunshine and more. However, you must ensure that you get your solar panel installation done by an expert because if anything wrong happens, it can spoil or damage your entire system

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